The mortality statistics reported as resulting from Covid-19 refer only to those who die in hospital. Those who die at home or in care homes are not included, even though, despite such obfuscation, it is known the death rate among the elderly and infirm accommodated in care homes far exceeds death rates among NHS patients. It has become clear that such care home residents have been abandoned, not by care home staff – there have been many stories of their heroic human caring – it is the system that has abandoned those in care. It is a valuable lesson, first learned decades ago, and it has far wider relevance than care homes.
That abandonment is longstanding and is well known and understood. The sector has been made available for rape and pillage with impunity, as indicated in the following quotes. The solution is clear.
The Lesson of Southern Cross, 10th June, 2011:
10th June 2011: “On 1st September, 1976, Professor Milton Friedman of Chicago University, economic theoretician and Nobel laureate, addressed the Institute of Economic Affairs in London. The title of his talk was “The Road to Economic Freedom: The Steps from Here to There”. Friedman, being the quintessential free market fundamentalist, took a dim view of the mixed British economy with around 60% of national income then being spent by government. He prescribed the ‘shock treatment’ of low flat rate taxes and wholesale privatisation which a few years later Margaret Thatcher implemented.
His justification for privatising provision of education and healthcare was simplistic in the extreme. ‘There is,’ he argued, ‘a sort of empirical generalisation that it costs the state twice as much to do anything as it costs private enterprise, whatever it is.’ Friedman didn’t actually have any data to support this contention, but added that ‘My son once called my attention to this generalisation, and it is amazing how accurate it is’ (See Friedman, M, 1977, From Galbraith to Economic Freedom, London: Institute of Economic Affairs, p57).
That simplistic assertion held sway for the next three decades and still rules our lives. His advocacy of privatisation of public provision justifies, among other things, the provision of care homes for our aging population by the likes of Southern Cross. It turned out not to be twice as efficient as any public sector provision, and it threatens to go bust leaving the state to clean up the mess.
The nub of the Southern Cross problem arises from another Friedmanism, that corporate officials had no social responsibilities other than ‘to make as much money as possible for stockholders’. In the case of Southern Cross, those stockholders were at one time the private equity firm Blackstone, headed up by ex-Lehman Brothers mergers and acquisitions specialists. Their interest in making as much money as possible led Southern Cross to the classic asset strippers’ strategy of the sale and lease back of its portfolio of care homes, realising an estimated surplus of £500m for Blackstone. It may or may not have been ‘as much money as possible’.” (https://gordonpearson.co.uk/2011/06/10/the-lesson-of-southern-cross/)
Big Society Public Services – the Next Government Shambles, 22nd July, 2011:
22nd July 2011: “The Open Public Services White Paper, announced on 11th July, sneaked out under cover of the Murdoch mess, looks like being the next government created shambles. Like its approach to the NHS, it betrays a breathtaking lack of nouse and understanding. The government claims its aim is to improve the quality and reduce the cost of all public services. This magical result is to be achieved by opening them up to provision by private and voluntary organisations, in competition with their existing public providers. … opening public services is likely to result in bids from the private for-profit sector, against the existing public provider. And private for-profit providers can, by definition, go bust. Health Minister, Paul Burstow says the new NHS regulator, Monitor, would ensure providers do not copy the “risky business model” of Southern Cross, the bankrupt care home provider.”( https://gordonpearson.co.uk/2011/07/22/big-society-public-services-the-next-government-shambles/#more-942)
Looting and Rioting – Bob Diamond Again, 15th August, 2011:
15th August 2011: “Over the past few days, the famine in East Africa, the US loss of its S&P triple A credit rating, the Murdoch disgrace, the Eurozone indebtedness and Greece’s odious debt, and even the World Championship Hen Races in Derbyshire, have all been driven from the front pages, at least in UK, by the looting and burning street riots. Consideration of their underlying causes and recommended solutions have dominated the media. Prime Minister Cameron, for example, expert in policing and broken societies, apparently wants to appoint a native from gun-toting America, to show British police how to do their job …
What is the main difference between those young people stealing mobile phones, laptops, trainers, and so on, and the likes of Fred ‘the Shred’ Goodwin, Bob Diamond and Stephen Schwarzman? One-time RBS CEO Fred Goodwin broke the bank with brainless debt and acquisitions and ‘shredded’ many thousands of jobs. Bob Diamond, currently CEO of Barclays Bank, has featured from time to time on this site primarily for his socially useless work and exorbitant take home pay. Stephen Schwarzman is billionaire boss of Blackstone Group, the private equity outfit that among other things, stripped the now bankrupt Southern Cross healthcare group of its main assets and made off with an estimated £500million. They differ from the looting, burning rioters in two main respects, Firstly, the scale of their looting far exceeds anything which has happened on the streets. And, secondly, what Goodwin, Diamond and Schwarzman do, has over the last thirty years been legalised, so they can do it with impunity.” (https://gordonpearson.co.uk/2011/08/15/looting-and-rioting-bob-diamond-again/)
Screwing care-homes still makes the easiest money, 5th September, 2015:
5th September 2015: “Taxpayers are going to have to pay for another big care home operator, throttled by tax avoiding financial predators. According to its chief financial officer, Four Seasons, which runs 450 care homes and 50 specialist care units, ‘is reviewing its finances with all options considered’. One option would be to close down, leaving the taxpayer to pick up responsibility for its 20,000 residents and patients.
Four Seasons is carrying debts of £500million on which it is paying interest of around £50million. It’s not immediately obvious how they got into so much debt nor why they should be paying interest at 10% pa when the official bank rate is 0.5%….
The tax avoiding financial predator that acquired Four Seasons was private equity Terra Firma Capital Partners, owned by Guernsey based Guy Hands. The acquisition was completed a few months after the collapse of Southern Cross had demonstrated how profitable such deals could be.
Terra Firma was in the news earlier this year with demonstrations against subsidiary Annington residential homes’ proposed demolition of 142 homes on the Sweets Way estate in north London. They were accommodating families on Barnet Council’s waiting list, but Hands’ plan was to replace them with 229 houses and flats for sale on London’s booming property market.
Four Seasons is losing money at a rate of knots, £26million in the second quarter of the current year. While they blame the losses on various extraneous factors, it is clear that public funding of social care for the elderly is inadequate. But the only way it will be increased is when the mess has to be sorted at public expense when Four Seasons goes bust. That the taxpayer has to pick up the tab is a major attraction of care homes and any privatised NHS services. Once privatised, the new operators can profit by delivering sub-standard service, till they go bust and the state has to pick up the pieces.
Guy Hands explains his perspective on private equity on the Terra Firma website http://www.terrafirma.com/private-equity-investment.html:
‘The private equity funds we raise are used to acquire asset-backed businesses that can be transformed through fundamental change.’
This is a rather more sophisticated way of making the asset stripper’s case as succinctly expressed in The Times by Jim Slater protégé, John Bentley, forty five years ago:
‘The theory of what we are doing is to release half the cash, half the assets and half the number of people employed.’
There are many long standing, ethical and professional operators in the care home sector. But they appear to have been largely deserted by the state. The Southern Cross and Four Seasons examples show just what a perfect opportunity care homes present for predatory exploitation. Being asset rich and earnings poor, means they can be acquired at low cost, their assets cashed in and they can then be driven on a shoe string and if they subsequently go bust, so what! The state will have to pick up the tab.
But the problem goes much wider than just the care home sector. Four decades of ideologically driven privatising and outsourcing of public sector provision, including health services, places much of the work previously fulfilled by the NHS in private hands. Predatory, tax evading and avoiding, private equity acquirers who are not subject to public quotation or review, could then fulfill their mission by extracting value and leaving enfeebled operations to be picked up and paid for by the tax payer.
The solutions are fairly obvious and have been highlighted many times in the past. The care home pandemic lesson in particular is a relearning experience and reminder of what needs to be done. But it is unlikely to be easy to implement.
F D Roosevelt identified the basic problem over eight decades ago when he referred to organised money, which “had begun to consider the Government of the United States as a mere appendage to their own affairs. We know now that government by organised money is just as dangerous as Government by organised mob.” (F D Roosevelt, announcing the Second New Deal, October, 1936.)
It remains to be seen if state responses to Covid-19 will amount to a 21st century New Deal, which as well as defeating the pandemic, will need also to remake the real economy as well as escaping destruction by organised money. And if planet earth is to be made fully sustainable, to do so on a permanent basis.